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EV vs Regular Car Insurance: A Comprehensive Guide for 2023

As electric vehicles (EVs) continue to gain popularity, more and more drivers are considering making the switch from gas to electric. And while EVs offer plenty of benefits – from lower fuel costs to a smaller environmental footprint – they also come with some unique considerations when it comes to insurance.

In this in-depth guide, we‘ll take a closer look at how insurance for electric cars differs from traditional auto policies, and explore some of the key factors that influence the cost of coverage. We‘ll also highlight some of the best insurance options available for EV owners and offer expert tips on how to get the best possible rate.

How EV Insurance Differs from Regular Car Insurance

The most significant difference between insuring an EV and a gas-powered vehicle is the cost. According to data from Insurify, the average annual premium for an electric car in 2022 was $1,985, compared to just $1,480 for a gas car. That‘s a difference of over $500 per year, or about 34% more.

Vehicle Type Average Annual Premium
Electric $1,985
Gas $1,480

Source: Insurify

So why do EVs cost more to insure? There are a few key reasons:

  1. Higher repair costs: EVs are packed with expensive technology, from batteries and electric motors to complex sensors and computer systems. When an EV is involved in an accident, repairing or replacing these components can be much pricier than fixing a conventional vehicle.

"EV repair costs are typically 15-30% higher than a comparable gas vehicle," says Frank Jones, an insurance analyst at Gartner. "Insurers pass those increased costs on to consumers in the form of higher premiums."

  1. Scarcity of qualified mechanics: While the number of EVs on the road is growing rapidly, there‘s still a relative shortage of auto technicians with the specialized knowledge needed to service them properly. Fewer repair options can mean longer wait times and steeper labor costs, which insurers factor into their rates.

  2. Higher risk of total loss: Because of the high cost of major components like the battery pack (which can account for a third of an EV‘s total value), insurance companies are more likely to declare an electric car a total loss after an accident. Around 23% of insurance claims for EVs result in the vehicle being totaled, compared to just 13% for gas cars, according to the Highway Loss Data Institute.

  3. Battery fire risk: While the overall fire risk for EVs is lower than for gas vehicles, EV battery packs can ignite or catch fire if damaged in a crash. These intense fires often require specialized equipment and training to extinguish, leading to higher costs for insurers.

Despite these added costs, the gap between EV and gas car insurance premiums is shrinking as the technology becomes more widespread.

"We expect to see insurance rates for EVs continue to normalize as they make up a larger share of the total vehicle fleet," predicts Jones. "Economies of scale and competition among insurers should help bring costs down over time."

Factors That Affect EV Insurance Rates

Beyond the general differences between EVs and gas cars, there are several specific factors that can influence the cost of insurance for an electric vehicle:

Make and Model

As with any vehicle, the make and model of your EV will have a big impact on your insurance rates. More expensive models with higher repair costs will generally be pricier to insure.

Here‘s a look at average annual premiums for some of the most popular EVs:

Make and Model Average Annual Premium
Tesla Model 3 $2,215
Tesla Model Y $2,301
Ford Mustang Mach-E $2,179
Volkswagen ID.4 $1,884
Chevrolet Bolt $1,969
Nissan Leaf $1,701

Source: Insurify

As you can see, Tesla models tend to be on the high end for insurance costs, while more affordable options like the Nissan Leaf and Volkswagen ID.4 are cheaper to insure.

Battery Range and Performance

The size and performance capabilities of an EV‘s battery pack can also affect insurance rates. Larger, more powerful batteries are more expensive to replace if damaged, so vehicles with extended range and high-performance motors may cost more to insure, all else being equal.

For example, the long-range version of the Tesla Model 3 (which has a 75 kWh battery) costs about 5% more to insure than the standard version with a 50 kWh battery, according to data from ValuePenguin.

Driver Profile

Of course, the specifics of your EV are just one part of the equation when it comes to insurance premiums. As with any vehicle, your personal driving history and demographic details will also play a big part in determining your rates.

Factors like your age, driving experience, accident history, and credit score can all impact how much you pay for EV insurance. Younger drivers and those with a history of accidents or traffic violations can expect to pay more, while experienced drivers with clean records will generally qualify for lower rates.


Where you live and drive your EV can also influence your insurance costs. Premiums tend to be higher in urban areas with denser traffic and greater risk of accidents, while rural drivers often pay less.

Here‘s a look at average EV insurance premiums in 10 major metropolitan areas around the US:

City Average Annual EV Premium
Los Angeles $2,374
San Francisco $2,229
Miami $2,518
New York $2,194
Chicago $1,899
Houston $2,041
Philadelphia $1,851
Phoenix $1,832
Atlanta $1,985
Boston $2,067

Source: ValuePenguin

Usage and Driving Habits

Finally, how much and how you drive your EV can also affect your insurance rates. Many insurers offer usage-based programs that track your driving behavior through a smartphone app or plug-in device, and can provide discounts for safe habits like gentle braking and low mileage.

According to Alex Carges, an executive at Metromile, these programs can be especially beneficial for EV owners. "Since many EV drivers charge at home and use their cars primarily for short trips and commuting, they‘re often a good fit for pay-per-mile insurance," he explains. "These usage-based plans can offer significant savings for low-mileage drivers."

The Best Car Insurance Options for EVs

Now that we‘ve covered some of the key factors affecting EV insurance rates, let‘s take a closer look at some of the best providers and policies available for electric car owners.


Travelers offers some of the most comprehensive coverage options for EVs, along with competitive rates. Its electric car policies include standard protections like liability, collision, and comprehensive coverage, as well as a range of EV-specific options such as:

  • Replacement cost coverage for your EV‘s battery pack, charging equipment, and other specialized parts
  • Roadside charging assistance if your battery runs out of power
  • Coverage for damage to your home charging station
  • Rental reimbursement with specific allowance for renting an EV
  • Discounts for installing an approved vehicle recovery system


Allstate is another solid choice for EV insurance, with policies available for all major electric makes and models. It offers several discounts that can help keep premiums low, including:

  • A 10% discount for completing an approved EV safety training course
  • Up to 25% off for paying your premium in full or setting up automatic payments
  • Reduced rates for drivers who avoid accidents and traffic violations

Allstate also offers its own usage-based insurance program, Drivewise, which can provide additional savings for safe driving habits.

Liberty Mutual

Liberty Mutual doesn‘t have a specific EV insurance product, but its standard auto policies do cover electric vehicles. And the company offers some enticing discounts and benefits for EV owners, such as:

  • Accident forgiveness, which means your rates won‘t go up after your first accident as a policyholder
  • Lifetime repair guarantee for covered repairs made at a Liberty Mutual-approved shop
  • Up to a 12% discount for bundling your auto policy with home or renters insurance
  • Discounts for driving a vehicle with advanced safety features like adaptive headlights and collision warning systems (which are common on EVs)


Geico is known for its competitive rates, and that extends to insurance for electric vehicles. It offers coverage for all major EV brands, from Tesla and Nissan to newer players like Rivian.

While it doesn‘t have an EV-specific policy, Geico does offer some nice perks like accident forgiveness, mechanical breakdown coverage, and a mobile app for easy claims filing and policy management. And its rates are consistently among the lowest in the industry.

Tips for Lowering Your EV Insurance Costs

No matter which provider you choose, there are several steps you can take to help keep your EV insurance premiums as low as possible:

  1. Maintain a clean driving record. Avoiding accidents and traffic violations is the best way to keep your rates down over time. Most insurers offer a substantial discount for drivers who remain accident- and ticket-free.

  2. Choose a cheaper EV model. As the data above shows, insurance premiums can vary by hundreds of dollars depending on which EV you drive. Models with lower MSRPs and more widely available parts will generally be cheaper to insure.

  3. Bundle your policies. If you have homeowners or renters insurance, consider getting your auto coverage from the same carrier. Most insurers offer a multi-policy discount that can save you 10% or more.

  4. Raise your deductible. Choosing a higher deductible on your collision and comprehensive coverage will lower your premiums, but make sure you have enough in savings to cover the out-of-pocket cost if you need to file a claim.

  5. Take advantage of discounts. From safety course completion to low-mileage driving, there are many discounts available that can help you save on EV insurance. Ask your agent what options might be available to you.

  6. Consider usage-based insurance. If you don‘t drive much, a pay-per-mile or usage-based insurance program could help you save a lot compared to a standard policy. Just be aware that these plans usually involve installing a tracking device in your vehicle.

  7. Shop around and compare quotes. Premiums can vary widely from one insurer to the next, so it pays to get quotes from multiple providers before choosing a policy. Working with an independent agent or using an online comparison tool can help you find the best rates.

EV Insurance FAQs

Q: What if my EV is damaged in a flood or natural disaster?

A: If you have comprehensive coverage as part of your EV insurance policy, flood damage will typically be covered, minus your deductible. The same goes for damage from hail, fallen trees, and other non-collision events. However, it‘s a good idea to check with your agent to make sure you have sufficient coverage limits for your vehicle.

Q: Will my insurance cover a cracked or damaged windshield on my EV?

A: Many EV models, such as Teslas, have large glass roofs that can be expensive to replace if damaged. Whether this type of damage is covered will depend on your specific policy and the cause of the damage. Some insurers offer special glass coverage options that provide protection with no deductible, but this may cost extra.

Q: How does EV battery degradation affect insurance rates?

A: As EV batteries age, they slowly lose some of their capacity and range. However, this gradual degradation typically isn‘t a major factor in insurance premiums. Policies generally only pay to replace an EV battery if it‘s damaged in an accident, not due to normal wear and tear. That said, battery health can affect the resale value of an EV, which insurers may consider when setting rates.

Q: Are there any special tax credits or incentives for insuring an EV?

A: While there aren‘t any direct tax credits for EV insurance, many states and utilities offer incentives that can help offset the overall cost of owning an electric car. These might include rebates on the purchase price, discounted electricity rates for charging, or reduced registration fees. Some insurers may also offer discounts for driving an eco-friendly vehicle, so it‘s worth asking about.

Q: Can I get rideshare coverage for my electric vehicle?

A: If you plan to use your EV for ridesharing services like Uber or Lyft, you‘ll likely need to purchase additional coverage beyond a standard personal auto policy. Many major insurers now offer rideshare endorsements or standalone policies that provide the necessary protection. However, these options may be more limited for EVs than for gas cars, so be sure to shop around and compare your options.

The Future of EV Insurance

As electric vehicles continue to evolve and gain market share, we can expect insurance options to evolve as well. Here are a few trends and developments that could shape the future of EV coverage:

Telematics and Usage-Based Insurance

Many experts predict that usage-based insurance (UBI) programs, which tailor premiums to an individual driver‘s behavior and mileage, will become increasingly popular for EVs in the coming years.

"Electric vehicles generate a massive amount of data, from battery performance to driving habits," says Carges of Metromile. "Insurers can tap into that data to create highly personalized policies that reward safe and efficient driving."

In fact, some automakers are already partnering with insurance companies to offer UBI programs for their EVs. Tesla has its own insurance product in California that uses real-time driving data to set rates, and GM has teamed up with OnStar to offer a similar program for its Chevy Bolt EV.

Peer-to-Peer Coverage

Another potential development is the rise of peer-to-peer (P2P) insurance models for EVs. Under this model, groups of EV owners would pool their resources to create their own coverage fund, potentially saving money compared to traditional insurance.

"P2P insurance makes a lot of sense for EVs because owners tend to be a pretty low-risk group overall," explains Jones. "They‘re generally more tech-savvy and safety-conscious than the average driver."

Some companies, like Besurance and Laka, are already experimenting with P2P insurance models for e-bikes and other electric vehicles. It‘s possible we could see this trend expand to encompass larger passenger EVs in the future.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Finally, the rise of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning could help insurers more accurately assess risk and set premiums for EVs in the future.

"AI can analyze huge amounts of data on EV performance, driving habits, and claims history to identify patterns and predict future losses," says Carges. "This could help insurance companies price policies more precisely and even offer real-time rate adjustments based on current driving behavior."

Some insurers are already using AI to process EV insurance claims more quickly and efficiently, and many are investing heavily in the technology. As these systems become more sophisticated, they could help bring down costs for EV owners while still ensuring adequate protection.


Insuring an electric vehicle may cost a bit more than covering a traditional gas car, but that doesn‘t mean it has to break the bank. By understanding the factors that affect EV insurance rates and shopping around for the best policy, you can find affordable coverage that meets your needs.

As EVs become more mainstream and technology continues to advance, we can expect insurance options and pricing to evolve as well. From usage-based programs to peer-to-peer models powered by machine learning, the future of EV insurance looks bright.

No matter what innovations emerge, the key to getting the best deal on EV insurance will remain the same: maintain a clean driving record, choose your vehicle wisely, and take the time to compare quotes from multiple providers. By following these simple steps, you can enjoy all the benefits of driving electric without overpaying to protect your investment.